Civilians have been an integral part of the U.S. Army since the Revolutionary War.
In 1776 the Board of War and Ordnance was established with the responsibility of equipping and dispatching troops; maintaining personnel records and disbursing funds. Five members of the Continental Congress, several clerks and a paid secretary – Richard Peters, the first Army Civilian – comprised the Board. Subsequently the Continental Army hired Civilians for driving, crafts, carpentry, and laborer jobs.
Today Civilians have skills that are crucial to the support of military operations and provide a full complement to the military’s occupational specialties.